Hoyle’s Doctrine of Chances
In his treatises on whist, backgammon, piquet, quadrille, and brag, Hoyle had briefly discussed the mathematical aspects of each game. He provided a somewhat fuller treatment of probability in a 1754 work—An Essay towards making the Doctrine of Chances easy to those who understand Vulgar Arithmetick only. The work proposes to provide the gamester with a plan to win at betting with Hazard, Whist and various other games that were enjoyed during the 18th century. The work also provided tables for the calculation of annuity payouts based on the mortality tables. An interesting addition to those who would like to improve their chances at the table. Appears to be an early attempt at “card counting.” Bound in a printed wrap.